The West versus Iran
It has been widely accepted that Iran halted its uranium enrichment program in 2003 and did not restart it at least after 2007. This fact was attested by George Bush’s National Intelligence Council in 2007. Even though Iraq was invaded by the US in 2003 which increased the presence of American military in countries surrounding Iran – Afghanistan and Pakistan have direct American presence since 2001– Iranian leaders didn’t opt for speeding up uranium enrichment for the sake of self-defense. Instead, they suspended the process and tried to reach out to the US in an effort to resolve the problems the two have. The outreach was done through Europe (France, Germany and Britain – the EU-3) between 2004 and 2006, during which Iran extensively cooperated with the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), allowing the agency to have unprecedented access to Iranian nuclear facilities and even military facilities. Iran offered a permanent cessation of uranium enrichment, and in return the EU-3 agreed to political and trade benefits for Iran, as well as a guarantee of non-aggression by the EU towards the country. However, the EU-3 couldn’t get the United States to provide a guarantee of non-aggression, an end to hostilities and normalization of relations with Iran. Had the US been interested in a constructive dialogue and a desire for a positive outcome, Washington would have jumped at this gold opportunity to achieve what it publicly says it wants. Needless to add, but the Iranian offer and the negotiations between Iran and Europe were barely reported in the American media, if at all.
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